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Wednesday, 27 February 2019

Fallingwater outbuilding renovated into student workshop and studio by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

High Meadow Studio at Fallingwater by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

American firm Bohlin Cywinski Jackson has turned a garage close to Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater house into an education centre for summer residency students.

High Meadow Studio at Fallingwater by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

High Meadow Studio will be used as a hub for the Fallingwater Institute's architecture, art and design programmes, which take place at the Pennsylvania landmark each year. The building is located a short walk from the cabins that accommodate participants, which Bohlin Cywinski Jackson completed in 2017.

High Meadow Studio at Fallingwater by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

The firm has now renovated and extended an outbuilding on the estate, which was already used as a studio for the students, to create a more spacious facility.

"The garage's size limited the programme's capacity, while the lack of natural daylight, views, and ventilation disconnected the space from the adjacent meadow," said a project description.

The team doubled the garage's existing footprint, adding spaces for fabrication, reviews, storage and other services. A new outdoor work area is intended to strengthen the connection to the rural setting.

Repurposing the old building as a workshop involved re-skinning its timber frame, and adding translucent double doors to let in diffused light.

High Meadow Studio at Fallingwater by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

The addition on the side deepest into the forest has a fully translucent north wall, and a full-length surface for pinning work to the south. A single window overlooks the porch and the trees beyond.

Between this studio space and the workshop, a pair of red-stained plywood volumes house the ancillary functions.

High Meadow Studio at Fallingwater by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

To keep the building naturally ventilated, operable roof vents draw air up from the underneath. Screens allow doors and windows to be left open without letting in insects.

"High Meadow Studio complements its rural setting with modest form, efficient materials, and honest details," said Bohlin Cywinski Jackson.

High Meadow Studio at Fallingwater by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

Fallingwater is considered one of the most important works by American modernist Wright, who designed the private house for Edgar Kaufmann in 1935. Built over a waterfall and extending into the surrounding trees, the home is praised for its integration with nature.

The building has been in the care of the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy since 1963, and the summer residency programme has taken place since 2012.

High Meadow Studio at Fallingwater by Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

Bohlin Cywinski Jackson has completed several projects for the conservancy, including the adaptive reuse of an 1870s barn on the Fallingwater site in 2006 to create a space for lectures, exhibitions and other events.

Fallingwater is one of eight Wright buildings nominated for UNESCO's World Heritage List, along with the Guggenheim Museum in New York and the Robie House in Illinois.

Trio of deer observatories by Orma Architettura nestle within Corsican mountains

Corsica deer observatories by Orma Architettura

Orma Architettura has built three matching wooden viewpoints in the mountains of the Mediterranean island Corsica, for people to observe native red deer from.

Named Corsican Deer Observatories, the structures are located within the Regional Natural Park of Corsica, a wildlife protection zone that covers nearly 40 percent of the island.

The viewpoints, designed by Orma Architettura, form part of the park authorities' plan to raise awareness of the red deer, which were recently reintroduced to Corsica.

Corsican Deer Observatories by Orma Architettura
A single-storey viewpoint slots onto an outcrop in Quenza, one area where the deers are commonly sighted

"The population of Corsican red deer, an endemic species that disappeared in 1969, is now in the process of increasing thanks to a reintroduction program led by the Natural Regional Park in 1985," explained architect Jean Mathieu De Lipowski.

"This very successful program is now entering a second phase, aimed at raising people's awareness regarding the fragility of the species, with the help of the observatories."

Corsican Deer Observatories by Orma Architettura
Like the Quenza observatory, the Venaco viewpoint is accessed by a ladder fixed onto the structure

The three Corsican Deer Observatories are elevated on outcrops within St Pierre de Venaco, Castifao and Quenza, three communes where the deer can be commonly sighted.

Built by local artisans, the viewpoints all have matching rectilinear forms that resemble tree trunks, but are adapted to suit their specific locations.

They are elevated on top of the rocks and made from evenly placed slats of wood, designed to provide panoramic views of the landscape without the occupants being seen by the deers.

Corsican Deer Observatories by Orma Architettura
Orma Architettura designed the viewpoint in Castifao to echo the trees within which it sits

"We thought of the use of the observatories, and wanted to create a space where people can see everything," added De Lipowski.

"Thanks to the spaces the slats of wood have created, people can do this without deterring the deers on the outside."

Corsican Deer Observatories by Orma Architettura
Each pavilion has slatted walls that prevent the deer from seeing the people inside

The viewpoints in St Pierre de Venaco and Quenza occupy a single storey, and are accessed by externally placed ladders that blend into their facades.

Their bases are unevenly finished, where the slats extend down to slot precisely over the rockface, and echo the appearance of undergrowth.

Meanwhile, Castifao's observatory sits on a mountainside, and occupies two storeys joined by an internal ladder, designed to optimise views further away.

Corsican Deer Observatories by Orma Architettura
The observatory in Castifao is two-storeys high to maximise views of the landscape

Other wooden observation decks on Dezeen include architect Lars J Berge's accessible hide for bird watchers at the tip of Askøy, a low-lying island off Norway's west coast, and a lakeside pavilion by OOPEAA that doubles as a giant periscope.